Turning CO2 into ROCK!
Turning CO2 into ROCK!

Frequently asked

It’s as simple as CO2 .
44.01 is the molecular mass of Carbon Dioxide. (12.01 g/mol + (16.00 g/mol) x2 = 44.01 g/mol

We believe that humanity needs to be removing CO₂ from the atmosphere permanently, not storing it away. Our technology accelerates a nature-based mineralisation process whilst leveraging renewable energy.

Our technology ensures that captured CO₂ is absorbed in peridotite rock and will NEVER be re-released into our atmosphere again. Given the volume of accessible peridotite, we can remove significant amounts of CO₂ from the atmosphere to make a major impact in the fight against climate change.

Carbon mineralisation is the process of converting CO₂ into stable, solid rock. CO₂ is permanently removed in natural geological carbon sinks and cannot escape back to the atmosphere. We are enhancing and optimising this natural process.

Peridotite is a special type of rock which mineralises and forms Serpentine and Calcite when it’s exposed to CO2 and water. We accelerate this natural process to turn CO2 into rock. Peridotite is usually found deep under the Earth’s crust. In certain locations, it’s right on the surface.

We leverage heat, solar energy, and biofuel to accomplish our process in a carbon-negative way. Our partner Wakud provides biofuel to run our decentralised operations at night. Wakud’s biofuel burns 86% less CO₂ than its fossil fuel counterpart, is more efficient and is produced through local circular economies, bringing added benefit to local social and environmental ecosystems.

Our aim is to mineralise one gigaton (one billion tons) of CO₂ per year by 2040.​

Currently, the carbon dioxide that we sequester comes from the air, captured from our DAC partners. We will accept other sources of CO₂ as well, e.g. from the generation of blue hydrogen and other processes that are hard to decarbonise.

No, scientific research data indicates that the natural carbon dioxide mineralisation process produces water within the safe drinking water standards range. To ensure that the risks are minimised, we are conducting a small-scale pilot study on engineered carbon dioxide mineralisation to investigate this in more detail. Moreover, in commercial operations the injection will be in locations that are not near agricultural land and residential areas, and the injection will be at depths well below groundwater levels for drinking and irrigation to avoid any interference.

Yes. Our process is clean and doesn’t have any negative effects on the environment. Other CO2 storage methods rely on storage of gases underground, however, we are not storing CO2 as a gas. Instead, we are taking captured CO2 from our direct-air-capture technology partners and local emitting industries and turning it into rock forever.

We take captured CO2 emissions and convert it into rock safely and permanently.

The Arabian Peninsula hosts the Samail ophiolite, one of the largest expanses of exposed ophiolites in the world. Peridotite rocks in the ophiolite are special, given that they form in the Earth’s mantle and are rarely found exposed on the surface to the atmosphere. The Samail Ophiolite formed as a section of oceanic crust and the mantle layer, which was uplifted to the surface nearly 100 million years ago. When these rocks were exposed to air and water, they release their stored chemical potential by reacting with CO2 to form veins of white carbonate minerals that are evident on rocky outcrops and over gravel, thereby acting as natural carbon sinks

Today, CO2 emissions are released into the atmosphere and absorbed by our seas. CO2 emissions is a major driver of climate change, inducing more frequent and intense weather events. High CO2 concentrations in the air we breathe is associated with respitory diseases and premature deaths. It also causes acidification of our oceans which in turn causes harmful algae blooms and dead zones, a threat to marine and human life.

Our process turns these CO2 emissions into rock permanently so that they cannot be re-released into the atmosphere. This is a natural process happening today, we are simply speeding it up by exposing rocks deep underground to CO2 weathering conditions. The rocks we make from the CO2 mineralisation is calcite and serpentine which are both safe, inert rocks and don’t have a negative effect on the environment.

Once the CO2 is mineralised it is turned in to rock permanently.

The mineralisation process requires high volumes of water however, treated water and seawater can be used as an alternative to drinking water and the water used can be recycled infinitely.

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